VirtualBox automated startup


Primeiramente gostaria de salientar que não sou o autor principal do conteúdo deste artigo. A minha intenção é de mostrar o que outros autores tem realizado (referenciando links para o conteúdo original) neste blog até como um guia pessoal para uso próprio e ainda compartilhar minhas anotações e pequenas modificações que realizo no conteúdo, desejando que possa ajudar mais alguém em algum lugar.
First and foremost, I take no credit for any of this post’s content. I am really just taking what others have done (which I have links to bellow) and am putting it on my blog for a personal reference and hopefully the small changes that I made to their guides will help someone somewhere.


Link para análise e testes: http://www.glump.net/howto/virtualbox_as_a_service
link: https://sites.google.com/site/ubuntu4us/artigos/ferramentas-de-sistema/maquinas-virtuais/virtualbox-sem-interface-grafica
link: http://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch08.html

Instale com o comando:
echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -sc) contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.1
sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools
sudo gedit /etc/group
vboxusers:x:125:manager

sudo touch /etc/default/virtualbox
sudo tee /etc/default/virtualbox <<EOF
SHUTDOWN_USERS="manager aarvati root"
SHUTDOWN=savestate
EOF

sudo touch /etc/init.d/virtualbox-WXP
sudo tee /etc/init.d/virtualbox-WXP <<EOF
#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          virtualbox-WXP
# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs vboxdrv vboxnet
# Required-Stop:     $local_fs $remote_fs
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: WindowsXP virtual machine
# Description:       WindowsXP virtual machine hosted by VirtualBox
### END INIT INFO
 
# Author: Brendan Kidwell <brendan@glump.net>
#
# Based on /etc/init.d/skeleton from Ubuntu 8.04. Updated for Ubuntu 9.10.
# If you are using Ubuntu <9.10, you might need to change "Default-Stop"
# above to "S 0 1 6".
 
# Do NOT "set -e"
 
# PATH should only include /usr/* if it runs after the mountnfs.sh script
PATH=/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
DESC="WindowsXP virtual machine"
NAME=virtualbox-WXP
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
 
MANAGE_CMD=VBoxManage
VM_OWNER=manager
VM_NAME="WindowsXP" #This has to be the name exactly as it appears in your VirtualBox GUI control panel.
 
# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME
 
# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
[ -f /etc/default/rcS ] && . /etc/default/rcS
 
# Define LSB log_* functions.
# Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.0-6) to ensure that this file is present.
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
 
#
# Function that starts the daemon/service
#
do_start()
{
# Return
#   0 if daemon has been started
#   1 if daemon was already running
#   2 if daemon could not be started
 
sudo -H -u $VM_OWNER $MANAGE_CMD showvminfo "$VM_NAME"|grep "^State:\s*running" >/dev/null && {
   echo "$VM_NAME" is already running.
   return 1
}
 
sudo -H -u $VM_OWNER $MANAGE_CMD startvm "$VM_NAME" -type vrdp >/dev/null || {
   echo Failed to start "$VM_NAME".
   return 2
}
 
echo "$VM_NAME" started or resumed.
return 0
}
 
#
# Function that stops the daemon/service
#
do_stop()
{
# Return
#   0 if daemon has been stopped
#   1 if daemon was already stopped
#   2 if daemon could not be stopped
#   other if a failure occurred
 
sudo -H -u $VM_OWNER $MANAGE_CMD showvminfo "$VM_NAME"|grep "^State:\s*running" >/dev/null || {
   echo "$VM_NAME" is already stopped.
   return 1
}
 
sudo -H -u $VM_OWNER $MANAGE_CMD controlvm "$VM_NAME" savestate || {
   echo Failed to stop "$VM_NAME".
   return 2
}
 
echo "$VM_NAME" suspended.
return 0
}
 
#
# Display "State" field from showinfo action
#
do_status()
{
sudo -H -u $VM_OWNER $MANAGE_CMD showvminfo "$VM_NAME"|grep "^State:\s*.*$"
}
 
case "$1" in
  start)
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
do_start
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
esac
;;
  stop)
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
do_stop
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
esac
;;
  restart|force-reload)
#
# If the "reload" option is implemented then remove the
# 'force-reload' alias
#
log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC" "$NAME"
do_stop
case "$?" in
 0|1)
do_start
case "$?" in
0) log_end_msg 0 ;;
1) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Old process is still running
*) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Failed to start
esac
;;
 *)
  # Failed to stop
log_end_msg 1
;;
esac
;;
  status)
do_status
;;
  *)
#echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload}" >&2
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload|status}" >&2
exit 3
;;
esac
EOF
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/virtualbox-WXP

sudo /etc/init.d/virtualbox-WXP status # Is the VM running? 
/etc/init.d/virtualbox-WXP start # Start the VM 
rdesktop localhost # Connect to the VM 
/etc/inid.d/virtualbox-WXP stop # Stop the VM

Se tudo funcionou, coloque para iniciar automaticamente:

link: http://myliteraturetechlife.com/managing-services-with-update-rc-d/
sudo update-rc.d virtualbox-WXP defaults 95
sudo update-rc.d virtualbox-W2K8 defaults 95

link: http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/maverick/man8/insserv.8.html

Se não funcionar, execute o comando:
sudo gedit /etc/rc.local
Adicione a linha antes do exit 0:
/etc/init.d/virtualbox-W2K8 start


Veja também o link: http://vboxtool.sourceforge.net/

su manager
VBoxManage createvm --name "WindowsXP" --register
VBoxManage modifyvm "WindowsXP" --memory 2048 --acpi on --boot1 disk --nic1 nat --ostype WindowsXP --hwvirtex on --accelerate3d on --audio oss --clipboard bidirectional --usb on --cpuexecutioncap 50 --vram 64 --vrde on --vrdemulticon onVBoxManage clonehd /srv/Machines/WindowsXP/WXP.vhd /srv/Machines/WindowsXP/WXP.vdi --format VDI
VBoxManage storagectl "WindowsXP" --name "WXP" --add ide
VBoxManage storageattach "WindowsXP" --storagectl "WXP" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium "/srv/Machines/WindowsXP/WXP.vdi"
VBoxManage showvminfo WindowsXP
exit

Se quiser iniciar a máquina virtual, digite
sudo su - manager -c "VBoxHeadless --startvm WindowsXP"
rdesktop localhost
sudo su - manager -c "VBoxManage controlvm WindowsXP savestate"
sudo su - manager -c "VBoxManage controlvm WindowsXP poweroff"

VBoxManage clonehd "/srv/Machines/VMware/Windows Server 2003 Small Business/Windows Server 2003 Small Business.vmdk" /srv/Machines/Windows2K3/W2K3.vdi --format VDI

VBoxManage clonehd "/srv/Machines/VMware/Windows XP Professional/Windows XP Professional.vmdk" /srv/Machines/WindowsXP/WXPpro.vdi --format VDI


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